Long Distance Rides: Planning and Preparation

I really enjoy going on long multi-hour bike rides.  By this point in my cycling “career”, I somewhat take the preparation and planning skills needed to pull these off for granted. I love planning things and thinking through logistics — it’s one of my favorite things to do, but what if this isn’t your strong suit?  I’ll explain an overview of how I approach long ride planning based on what I did while planning my upcoming “Ride Across Iowa in a Day”.  The planning process for this ride took me a week to hatch the idea, recruit people, and create a route that would take us north to south on pavement in <24 hours on our road bikes!

Figure out a rough idea of where you want to ride

I typically start the process by daydreaming up a crazy route idea or concept.  Sometimes I try to string together a century ride and seek out as many hills as I can find in my relatively flat area of the country.  Other times, I have a friend willing to pick me up in a different city as part of one of their trips, so I capitalize on that.  I had a completely free weekend and a desire to spend a full day on my bike!


Recruit a support vehicle if you’re doing something insanely long

It’s not required, but rides are better if you have a person in the area who can help in case of emergencies. I used a bail out option when I broke my bike during the Alexander, a 380 mile self supported gravel ride.  I had hoped to ride the whole thing using only what I could carry and a credit card, but that’s not how it turned out!  For my Ride Across Iowa, I had a person willing to pick me and a few other cyclists up somewhere within a few hours of a particular city in Iowa.

Find other riders

Next, start asking other cyclists you know if they want to come along.  By now you know your support options and a VERY rough idea of where you’ll ride.  When I’m riding all day and others don’t want to be out that long, I’ve arranged for other cyclists to find me en route and surprise me.  It’s a GREAT pick me up to see a familiar face when you’re exhausted, and the conversation tends to make you forget about your tired legs. This weekend I have two friends joining me for the long haul, and three others who will join for different portions of the ride.



 Plan your food and water needs

The amount of time I can ride between stops really depends on the type of ride, style of bike, and number of bags on my bike that day. Notice I said TIME, not MILES.  It’s very helpful to think in terms of minutes or hours between stops.  I estimate a conservative pace and number of hours I can go, make sure my ride buddies can do the same, and then start brainstorming routes.  Hopefully by now you’ve experimented with what foods your stomach can tolerate on rides by testing things on shorter training rides.  What’s palatable? How much can you eat at a time?  What foods give you trouble? What mixture of carbs, protein, and fat works for you?  All natural or convenience foods?  How will you get your electrolytes?  Etc.


Finalize and proofread the route

Once you have the rough details hammered out it’s time to start mapping routes.  I use ridewithgps.com to create maps I can share with others, turn by turn direction files for my Garmin 510, and cue sheets others can print out in case of a device malfunction.  I mark “aid stations” by indicating gas stations, fast food restaurants, and other places to get water.  I mark both the planned stops and the “emergency” stops.  This time around I used detailed county maps showing what roads were pavement and average daily traffic on those roads.  I scoured the maps individually on my computer screen at first, and then printed them out and used a highlighter to trace the route.


Load up your bike

Make sure you can strap all your bags onto your bike!  This is an issue with me since I ride such tiny frames. Test ride your bike while loaded up with bags, food, gear, supplies, etc. ahead of time if it will be in a new configuration for you.


Go on your adventure!

Maybe you’re wondering by now exactly what I have planned?  Two other women and I will start on the Minnesota side of the Iowa border, departing well before dawn.  Our plan is to roll south through a few anchor towns, stringing together rural paved roads with low traffic and a few bike paths to get us through the larger cities.  Total distance will be near 260 miles for the day, and we hope to cross over the Missouri border well within 24 hours!  Wish us luck!!

PrintMelissa is a Moxie Cycling Ambassador and blog contributor. Check out her bio here!

About Melissa Bikes

I’m cyclist who gravitates towards non-pavement rides of absurd distances, fighting setbacks and challenges along the way. I find peace when I’m in the woods or out and away from the hustle and bustle of the city. I tend to be tenacious, driven, and maybe a little stubborn too.


  1. where is the blurb about having the proper Adventure Bike in the stable that is being sold at the Local Bike Shop nowadays???? 😉

    1. Ha! I assume that our audience already has a suitable bike for the adventure. If not, there’s a Moxie blog post on bike types too. 🙂

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